Rubber plantations has existed at Evolve Back, Coorg since the time the British occupied the country. When the British began researching about soil conditions conducive to growing this crop, they found the plantations of Evolve Back, Coorg suitable for this purpose. They planted many of these trees around the Chikkanahalli estate. Rubber trees provide shade for coffee plantations and also act as a bonus crop. These trees can be tapped everyday to obtain latex from them.
Early morning each day at 6:00 am, tappers come to the estate and begin tapping. The process should take place early morning before sunrise. While they tap, they make incisions on the trees’ barks that are 1.5 inches deep. While doing so, they need to be cautious that the tree is not damaged.
Coorg rubber trees provide latex after six years as the weather is very cold. The latex obtained at Coorg is very thick. If the tapping is done later in the morning instead of earlier, sunlight falls on the bark. This makes the flow of latex dry and the flow of rubber will stop on account of this.
After collection of the latex, it is taken to the latex processing area and mixed with Hydrochloric acid and placed in an aluminum tray. The latex takes 5-6 hours to get thick, following which it is taken from the tray, pressed by hand and placed in a machine to make raw rubber sheets.
These sheets are dried in sunlight for 3-4 days. They are then taken to the smoke house where they are smoked. The tappers wait for the sheets to turn a golden hue. These are then collected and sold to factories.